Changes in OS 3.2
In its TI-Nspire OS 3.2, TI updated the Lua scripting API.
Here are the changes made.
TI has 2 "apilevels" in 3.2. apilevel 1.0 provides backwards compatibility for < 3.2 OSes by keeping the old API structure.
All documents created for 3.1 and previous will run in that apilevel by default. This is because some changes in the XML structure of the document. So most programs and games should run fine by default.
Then there is apilevel 2.0. This apilevel has some big changes to the API structure, so you will have to update some of your code in order to have some of they new 3.2 stuff.
For the best support and guarantee that you are using the correct apilevel, you should add the following to the top of new Lua documents you create:
- platform.apilevel = "1.0" ( or platform.apilevel = "2.0" depending on what you plan to use)
- on.create is removed in apilevel 2.0 and replaced with on.construction. This event handler is guaranteed to run before all others.
- New : on.getFocus is called when the script receives user input focus.
- New : on.loseFocus is called when the script loses user input focus.
- New : on.getSymbolList is called when the script app symbol list is being serialized to the clipboard.
- Changed : if the mouse (cursor) is not shown whenever the user presses the center button of the clickpad/touchpad, on.mouseDown is now fired, with its parameters x and y being both 0.
- Most graphical operations are now anti-aliased.
- gc:setColorRGB now supports one number as input (as well as the old style). For example, you can do gc:setColorRGB(0xFF00CC) or gc:setColorRGB(0)
- You can not use coordinates for drawing to the screen above/under (-) 32 000. (Be careful, some scripts might need to take that into account now, or they may crash)
- gc:clipRect doesn't have the intersect option anymore.
- In apilevel 2.0, platform.gc() is removed and replaced with platform.withGC(). Usage example:
function getHeightWidth(str, gc) local width = gc:getStringWidth(str) -- Gets the pixel length of str local height = gc:getStringHeight(str) -- Gets the pixel height of str return height, width end height, width = platform.withGC(getHeightWidth, 'Hello World')
What it does is calling the function you give as first argument, and additionally passing a dummy GC (Graphics Context) to it.
D2Editor has been greatly improved ; Here are the new functions :
- D2Editor:setSizeChangeListener(function(editor, w, h))
- D2Editor:setSelectable(true or false)
- D2Editor:setReadOnly(true or false)
- D2Editor:setVisible(true or false)
- D2Editor:setMainFont(family, style)
There are three modules that you can 'require': physics, color, and strict.
The physics module is the chipmunk physics engine.
color is just a table containing colors. (color.red (or color["red"]) will return the color code for red.)
'strict' is a module (not tested) which, apparently, makes it so Lua checks uses of undeclared global variables. All global variables must be 'declared' through a regular assignment (even assigning nil will do) in a main chunk before being used anywhere or assigned to inside a function.
Usage: require 'modulename'
Maybe the best part of it : OS 3.2 now includes the Open Source Chipmunk Physics engine, and you can use it right from Lua!
This will allow some great games and applications
Find all the functions/categories here (WIP !).Tutorials about it coming soon.
image.rotate. Performs images rotation. (Warning : The image changes size when you rotate it. So you need to figure where to draw it based on the middle of its rotated size.)
- math.eval was revised to remove the optional argument exact and use current document settings, approximate mode, and full precision
- New : math.evalStr, math.getEvalSettings and math.setEvalSettings.
- The already mentioned platform.withGC
- platform.registerErrorHandler, this allows you to take actions when an error occurs in your document.
- platform.window:setFocus, regain focus in your script.
- platform.hw(), returns a number corresponding to the device the scripts is running on.
If the APILevel is set to '2.0', the names of toolpalette items may be changed dynamically while the program is running. Calling toolpalette.register(nil) deactivates the toolpalette.
- var.recallAt : fetches data from a certain spot in a list or matrix
- var.storeAt : Stores a numeric value into an element of a math list or matrix with the given name.
- var.makeNumericList : creates a list in the symbol table with the given name. The list is optimized to hold numeric values.